Psychological first aid Tips and tricks for beginners and professional first responders to get through exceptional situations We all know what to do if an accident occurs or if someone collapses on the road Even children memorize the emergency number Emergency doctors, paramedics and professional rescuers such as firefighters are trained to decide within seconds what needs to be done to contain a disaster and prevent physical danger But what about the soul Exceptional situations such as accidents or violence trigger shock and anxiety in every human being, which require help just as much as physical injuries Even mental illnesses often develop so slowly and insidiously that they only become apparent in an escalation such as a panic attack at the workplace Professional rescuers should therefore also be trained in psychological care and it is also important for laypersons to be able to provide psychological first aid But how do you recognise when help is needed Recognising exceptional situations and acting correctlyThere are many situations in which it is immediately clear that help is needed Traffic accidents, fires, attacks, violence at schools every now and then there can be extremely stressful situations in everyday life However, there are also exceptional situations that are not immediately apparent to everyone, but rather difficult for laypersons to recognize More and people are suffering from mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety disorders, which are only gradually manifested and can be recognised by a quiet retreat than by a loud bang Therefore, it is always important to stay awake for changes, even in interpersonal everyday life If someone withdraws remarkably often, breaks off contacts or shows himself unusually irritated, it is time to ask questions sensitively and offer helpWhat psychological first aid do experts recommend Psychological first aid always has one goal first to stabilize and to give security It is not about a well founded diagnosis and a suitable form of therapy, but about catching the affected person and giving him the feeling that he is not alone and that his condition is not wrong , but a natural reaction It is important to establish appropriate contact with the person, to address them in a friendly and calm manner, to listen and to ask for their needs These needs can sometimes seem strange to outsiders, but should always be taken seriously Often a warm blanket against a state of shock, a little something to eat is enough to restore the body feeling or if the person does not reject it soothing touches like a hand on the arm Such practical help establishes an emotional contact and establishes a relationship of trust in order to address further help measures such as the offer of psychosocial careTranslated with DeepL Translator

1 thoughts on “Psychological First Aid: tips, tricks and techniques how to get through emergency situations

  1. T Prato T Prato says:

    Good read