Medical practitioners and the ordinary citizen are becoming aware that we need to understand cultural variation in medical belief and practice The we know how health and disease are managed in different cultures, the we can recognize what is culture bound in our own medical belief and practice The Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology is unique because it is the first reference work to describe the cultural practices relevant to health in the world s cultures and to provide an overview of important topics in medical anthropology No other single reference work comes close to marching the depth and breadth of information on the varying cultural background of health and illness around the world More thanexperts anthropologists and other social scientists have contributed their firsthand experience of medical cultures from around the world