This volume,of the Les Houches Summer School series, brings together applications of integrability to supersymmetric gauge and string theory The book focuses on the application of integrability and problems in quantum field theory Particular emphasis is given to the exact solution of planar Nsuper Yang Mills theory and its relation with string theory on the one hand, and the exact determination of the low energy physics of Nsuper Yang Mills theories on the other links with other domains are also explored The purpose of the Les Houches Summer School was to bring together young researchers and specialists from statistical physics, condensed matter physics, gauge and string theory, and mathematics, to stimulate discussion across these different research areas