Fossils document the existence of trees and wood associated organisms from almostmillion years ago, and today there are between , andmillion wood inhabiting species in the world This is the first book to synthesise the natural history and conservation needs of wood inhabiting organisms Presenting a thorough introduction to biodiversity in decaying wood, the book studies the rich diversity of fungi, insects and vertebrates that depend upon dead wood It describes the functional diversity of these organisms and their specific habitat requirements in terms of host trees, decay phases, tree dimensions, microhabitats and the surrounding environment Recognising the threats posed by timber extraction and forest management, the authors also present management options for protecting and maintaining the diversity of these species in forests as well as in agricultural landscapes and urban parks The best synthesis about deadwood science in English A key source to understand the role and biodiversity associated to veteran trees, hollow trees, and deadwood.